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COVID-19 & Novel Coronavirus Information: Guide Introduction

A subject guide for PVAMU students, staff, faculty, and visitors on the disease COVID-19. Many valuable resources have been gathered in one place for reader access and convenience.


Welcome PVAMU students, staff, faculty, and visitors.  This is an information guide on the disease dubbed COVID-19 by the World Health Organization on February 11, 2020 (Source), an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a novel coronavirus.  

Image Gallery

Electron microscope image of COVID19

An electron microscope image of SARS-CoV-2 (in yellow), a.k.a. COVID-19, the novel coronavirus. [Source]

Dr. Anthony Fauci

Dr. Anthony S. Fauci

Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). [Image Credit: Author - NIAID. CC BY 2.0]

N95 respirator

Example of a N95 respirator [Source], which provides protection against 95% of small airborne particles when fitted, worn, maintained and disposed of correctly (Source).

Surgical mask

A typical surgical mask [Source], which provides limited protection against viral exposure (Source).

Handwashing infographic

WebMD: "How to Wash Your Hands" [Source]

Illustration of a SARS-CoV-2 virion

Illustration of a SARS-CoV-2 virion [Source]

SARS-CoV-2 animation reveals viral core | CC BY 4.0 Nick Woolridge / Biomedical Communications

Terms in the Media

OUTBREAK: a series of cases of a disease which starts suddenly (Source)

EPIDEMIC: A large outbreak, one that spreads among a population or region.

PANDEMIC: Generally refers to an epidemic that has spread on a more global scale, affecting larger numbers of people.

CORONAVIRUS: Term for a family of viruses. Some cause the common cold while others cause more severe illnesses like SARS, which stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome, and MERS, which stands for Middle East respiratory syndrome.

COVID-19: Novel coronavirus first identified in China in late 2019; an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2

INCUBATION PERIOD: Time between infection and the appearance of signs or symptoms of illness.

QUARANTINE: Restrict movement of healthy people who may have been exposed to an infection.

ISOLATION: Separation of sick people from healthy people to prevent spread of disease.

[Primarily Sourced from the Associated Press]

Page Sources

Associated Press. (2020, February 24). Epidemic vs. pandemic? Glossary of terms for virus outbreak. The Associated Press. Retrieved from 

Washburn, L. (2020, March 2). "Think you have coronavirus? Call first! Here's what to expect at the doctor's office." USA Today. Retrieved from

WHO. (2020, February 11). BREAKING. "We now have a name for the #2019nCOV disease: COVID-19. I'll spell it: C-O-V-I-D hyphen one nine – COVID-19" -@DrTedros #COVID19 [Tweet].

Quick Glossary

Acronym Help

PUI = person(s) under investigation

PPE = personal protective equipment, such as gloves, face shields, masks etc.

PSA = public service announcement

WHO = World Health Organization

CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Association

Notice of Disclaimer

While this guide attempts to help readers navigate questions & concerns around COVID19, it does not constitute medical advice.  If you have important medical questions and concerns, or are experiencing flu-like symptoms, please contact your healthcare provider by phone immediately.  [Read: "Think you have coronavirus? Call first! Here's what to expect at the doctor's office."]

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