OUTBREAK: a series of cases of a disease which starts suddenly (Source)
EPIDEMIC: A large outbreak, one that spreads among a population or region.
PANDEMIC: Generally refers to an epidemic that has spread on a more global scale, affecting larger numbers of people.
CORONAVIRUS: Term for a family of viruses. Some cause the common cold while others cause more severe illnesses like SARS, which stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome, and MERS, which stands for Middle East respiratory syndrome.
COVID-19: Novel coronavirus first identified in China in late 2019; an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2
INCUBATION PERIOD: Time between infection and the appearance of signs or symptoms of illness.
QUARANTINE: Restrict movement of healthy people who may have been exposed to an infection.
ISOLATION: Separation of sick people from healthy people to prevent spread of disease.
[Primarily Sourced from the Associated Press]
Associated Press. (2020, February 24). Epidemic vs. pandemic? Glossary of terms for virus outbreak. The Associated Press. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/cc4fdd824f7721827bb48ed51e08901e
Washburn, L. (2020, March 2). "Think you have coronavirus? Call first! Here's what to expect at the doctor's office." USA Today. Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/health/2020/03/02/coronavirus-what-do-if-you-think-you-have-symptoms-covid-19/4927676002/
WHO. (2020, February 11). BREAKING. "We now have a name for the #2019nCOV disease: COVID-19. I'll spell it: C-O-V-I-D hyphen one nine – COVID-19" -@DrTedros #COVID19 [Tweet]. https://twitter.com/WHO/status/1227248333871173632?s=20
PUI = person(s) under investigation
PPE = personal protective equipment, such as gloves, face shields, masks etc.
PSA = public service announcement
WHO = World Health Organization
CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Association
While this guide attempts to help readers navigate questions & concerns around COVID19, it does not constitute medical advice. If you have important medical questions and concerns, or are experiencing flu-like symptoms, please contact your healthcare provider by phone immediately. [Read: "Think you have coronavirus? Call first! Here's what to expect at the doctor's office."]