The Turabian citation style is named after Kate L. Turabian, an American educator who developed this style. In 2018, the ninth edition of the Turabian style was published.
Except for a few minor differences, the citation style is the same as the Chicago style (published in the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style). The main difference is that while the Chicago Manual of Style focuses primarily on providing guidelines for publishing, the Turabian Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations mainly focuses on the creation and submission of academic work. Therefore, the University of Chicago Press describes it as "the gold standard for college and graduate students in virtually all academic areas".